More people are asking for ways to determine whether the news they are reading is real or not. When Professor Melissa Zimdars saw students in her class referencing questionable sources, she created a guide on how to think about sources, as well as a list of misleading, satirical and fake sites. She is using her list of False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical “News” Sources to teach media literacy in her mass communication class at Merrimack College, North Andover, Massachusetts.
In its current form, the document contains tips for analyzing news sources and a roster of over 900 websites that report unreliable and misleading content. Zimdars has separated those sites into categories, including those with "decontextualized or dubious information" and using anger to generate traffic on social media, another that uses clickbait-style headlines or social-media descriptions, and those that report false news for the purpose of humor or satire.